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Introduction to MTAC

The History of MTAC

Vast, resourceful and strategically located in the heart of Asia, both Mongolia and Tibet have played decisive roles in the peace and prosperity of their surrounding areas. Mongolians and Tibetans enjoy unique languages, histories, cultures, customs, traditions and administrative systems.

Therefore, in the seventeenth century, the Ching Dynasty founded the Mongolian Bureau in the sixth year of Chung Der for contact and coordination. The Bureau was later expanded and renamed the Minority Affairs Council during the reign of Emperor Kang Hsi. During the years of Emperor Kuang Hsu, it was again restructured and became the Ministry of Minority Affairs.

In April of 1912, the newly born Republic of China established the Mongolian and Tibetan Affairs Agency in the Ministry of Internal Affairs. In July of the same year, the Agency was reorganized as the Bureau of Mongolian and Tibetan Affairs and placed directly under the State Affairs Yuan. Further restructuring took place in 1914 and once again the Mongolian and Tibetan Affairs Yuan was under the direct supervision of the President. 1928 witnessed the historical moment when in accordance with the Nationalist Government Organizational Law the Mongolian and Tibetan Affairs Commission was formed to oversee the administration of Mongolia and Tibet and to promote local development. One of the eight ministries and two commissions under the Executive Yuan, it was equal to a ministry in administrative ranking.

Since its inception, the Mongolian and Tibetan Affairs Commission, in the spirit of the Constitution, has strived to preserve each nationality's equality, to promote the Mongolian and Tibetan cultures, to ensure religious freedom and to preserve the cultural heritage of both areas, in order to promote a spirit of harmony.

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